Poli Palmer

Palmer replaced Jim King in Family and immediately went to work on the group’s third album, A Song For Me. Many of that album’s songs had to be re-arranged, as they were written with King’s saxophone and harmonica in mind. Palmer rose to the challenge, transforming songs with his different instruments. “Drowned In Wine” became a full-blown rocker with his overamplified flute, and his vibraphones added a jazz touch to the blues number “Love Is a Sleeper.” A Song For Me was released in January 1970 to rave reviews, and Family seemed re-invigorated by Palmer’s arrival.

Palmer would contribute on the next two Family albums, Anyway and Fearless. On the latter album, released in 1971, Palmer contributed the jazz instrumental “Crinkly Grin” and the song “Larf and Sing,” which he sang lead on himself. After 1972’s Bandstand and a U.S. tour as the warmup act for Elton John, Palmer left Family to form a group with fellow Family alumnus Ric Grech, but that effort never got anywhere.

Interview with Poli Palmer for The Weaver’s Answer fanzine:

Tell us something about your musical upbringing, and what led to your equal abilities on a number of instruments? 

I started playing drums while still at school….about 14-15 I think. I was always into Jazz and Blues. I went for drum lessons with the local pro and he played vibes. As soon as I saw him play them, I knew that was the horn for me. Although I had lessons on drums, I taught myself vibes, etc; (although I did do a lot of reading up on counterpoint and harmony.) I can bluff my way round a piano keyboard because of the vibe layout. The flute, I picked up because I thought it would be great to take an instrument out of my inside pocket and sit in with a band! Unfortunately, I’m handier with my wrists than my fingers, so I bluff that too……… Basically, I’ve always thought of myself just as a vibes player.

Let’s get some info about two “supergroups” of the mid-60s: The Hellions and Deep Feeling. I read that yourself, Jim Capaldi and Luther Grosvenor were in both bands. Was there any difference between the two, other than in name? 

As you probably know, we were all from Worcester, which is a sleepy country town about 30-40 miles south of Birmingham… Jim put The Hellions together as a 4 piece (it was named after a bad British 50s “B” movie about truckers carrying dynamite) It comprised of Jim on drums, Dave Mason and Gordon Jackson on guitars and a guy called Dave Meredith on bass. As was the case in those days, all the guys sang harmony stuff, but it was decided that Jim should come to the front and do vocals. So, they asked me to join and Jim and I alternated on drums. At that time we were doing soul material. After a while Dave Mason left. Whether it was for new horizons or a personality clash, I can’t remember now. That was when Luther joined and we became The Deep Feeling. By now, we were doing different material, not original but stuff other bands weren’t doing ( I can remember doing some Oscar Brown Jnr songs.) We got signed lo Marmalade Records and it’s boss, Giorgio Gomalski (who had previously had the Yardbirds) encouraged us to write original stuff. I think we recorded about 6 cuts with that lineup but I don’t know if they were ever released.

As hard as it is to imagine vibraphone in a rock band such as Family, it is even harder to imagine it in a mid-60s combo! Did you play much then? 

In Deep Feeling, Jim and I both played drums. When he sang, I played kit and when he drummed, I would play vibes or flute (or piano if the venue had a reasonable one). Remember that in the mid 60s, there weren’t the exotic sounds that we have today. Guitarists didn’t have WahWahs or Flangers or Distortion. The only portable keys were really cheezy organs, so vibes gave an interesting colour. And, although it’s thought of as a jazz instrument, I’ve never seen it that way. I like playing country or folk on it, or running it through a fuzz box!

How did you come to join Blossom Toes, and how long did you play with them? Is your only recorded appearance on the single “Postcard/Everyone’s Leaving Me Now”? 

After Traffic formed and Deep Feeling split, I got a call from Blossom Toes. (who were also on the Marmalade label) So, in 1967, I moved to London. I used to have the vibes set up by the hihat and the flute in the stick bag! I think I did 3 singles with them. “Postcard” – “Be my baby tonight” (Dylan song) -“Peace Lovin’ Man” I Can’t remember the “B” sides. I was with the Toes for about a year.

You were in Eclection for a very short time right before joining Family, and I’ve seen them described as a folk group. What was your main musical interest in the 60’s … jazz, psychedelic, folk, or all of the above? 

I was with Eclection for about 9-10 months. Didn’t record with them, as they had contract problems, although we did do a lot of festivals and TV. Eclection was the first band I joined in which I wasn’t the drummer. It WAS a very eclective group. Three folkies and three rockers ……….. As far as musical interests are concerned, I’ve always enjoyed the best of the last 90 years, be it jazz, classical, folk, blues, etc; and I’m happy to play any of it.

Did you get to know Family by sharing concert billing with them? 

Strangely enough, I knew Jim King before any of the other guys. While I was in the Blossom Toes, he used to come round to the band’s house and we would sit on the back porch and play flute/soprano sax duets. When Family released the album “Family Entertainment”, they played the Royal Festival Hall. They decided that, as well as doing the regular set, each member of the band would do a featured number. Rob Townsend didn’t know what to do for his bit, so Jim King suggested that he should ring me. I wrote a little tune for us to play which we did at the gig. (Incidently, it was never titled, but when we played it on a John Peel show much, much later, I believe it was named “Here comes the Grin”……. I expect Chappo called it that.. …… I could never come up with titles, so he used to name most of my stuff.) Anyway, with that gig and drinking with Roger down the “Speakeasy” (the main club at the time), my name came out of the hat when they needed a new player.

What was the mood of the environment when you “replaced” Jim King? Was there tension in this transition, on the part of band members or the audience? Were fans asking “where’s Jim King?” 

No, Everything was fine. The band made me very welcome. To be honest, the reason for Jim King leaving, was that he was finding it very difficult to cope with life/rock&roll/and being in a band, him being a introvert. I always thought he was a great sax and harmonica player. As far as audience reaction, I never noticed any negativity.

Did you ever play live while he was still in the band, making it a six-piece? 

Not live, but we are on one cut together. “Good Friend of Mine” He’s on soprano sax-I’m on vibes.

Technical question: can you list some of the equipment you used during your Family days?Vibes, synths, flute, electric piano?

I always used vibes, congas, electric piano and flute, but was constantly changing the gear I ran it through. (always been into electronics) I used a Hohner Pianet through a Wah Pedal (‘cos it didn’t go out of tune like other E.Pianos and also didn’t sound anything like vibes) ……. and at first, Premier Vibes and Yamaha Flute …… (these both acoustic) If it was a concert gig, then I would also playa grand piano. There was no such thing as an electric vibe with a pickup in those days, but I found someone to build me some. I stuck a pickup on the flute as well and ran both of the instruments through a Tape Echo and a gadget called a Gibson “Maestro”, which was really for saxes. Later, I got two EMS suitcase synths. At first I used them with a conventional synth keyboard, but later found a unit that could convert a mono input into the neccessary voltage to play the synth, so I could play the vibes or flute in and get synth lines out. One synth, I used for melody and the other I used for rhythm and sound FX. (Synths in those days were a bitch to tune and were very prone to the heat of stage lights or the cold outdoor festivals……. You also had to tune the octaves as well as the general pitch …. .Imagine moving the bridge of a guitar up and down before playing!)

You often added percussion to Family’s sound. Did this take place on stage too? Did you ever use a full second kit, or was it small hardware (congas, etc.)? 

Only congas………by this time, I was getting rusty on the Kit…..

Did you use a different vibraphone for live playing as opposed to studio work? 

In the studio, I would use electric or acoustic vibes the same way a guitarist would use an electric or acoustic guitar.

Can you give us insight on how Family came up with such unique material… 

Well, in the studio we would throw at lot of ideas at the wall and see if they stuck. Some tunes we would record almost live and other tunes would be started with acoustic guitar and congas and then “layered”……There was never any single method for recording.

Was there a lot of ‘band’ participation when it came to arranging music? With all the touring you did, was there any time for rehearsal? 

Yes, there was input from everyone in the band. When we were about to record an album, we would rehearse songs and then play them in at gigs. This would hone the tunes up, so that when we recorded, we more or less knew what parts worked.

You were with Family for most of the band’s recorded career. In your opinion, what made Family so special? 

It’s difficult for me to be objective about Family’s “sound”, but I guess we all came from completely different musical styles yet enjoyed playing together.

In my opinion, 95% of Family’s “progressiveness” can be traced to you. 

It’s nice of you to say so, but Charlie wrote some mean chords and rhythm timings!

Did Family give you an outlet to do unique things in a rock’n’roll context? 

Yes. The band never thought in terms of labels, so we didn’t think it odd to put, say, a country fiddle with some “expensive” vibraphone voicings.

During the Family “heyday”, what other bands did you all (or yourself alone) look to as influential? 

Well, apart from our individual influences, we were all brought up on ’50s rock/ blues. Here’s some of the artists we listened to on the way to a gig: The Band -Joni Mitchell -Hendrix -Zappa -Taj Mahal -Miles Davis -Randy Newman -Traffic -Otis Redding -John Coltrane -Doc Watson …….. l could fill your hard disk!

Was touring with Family your first experience with international travel? I understand that the U.S. tours were tough-going.

No. All the bands I played with, worked in Europe. In those days, (pre- European Union) the equipment had to have it’s own passport and be inspected at every border post and we would drive ourselves to most countries. (no road crew) It put me off driving for years! In comparison, tours with Family were somewhat of a luxury. (flights and roadies) I think most bands get US tour fatigue, which usually culminates in TVs getting thrown in swimming pools or a visit from the local constabulary! (Actually, it never happened to us, although it was a close call a couple of times.) The problem isn’t the gig itself, but after 2 months on the road, you suddenly wake up in the Buffalo Holiday Inn and realise that you don’t know which state you’re in. The picture over the bed is the same one that leered over you in Jacksonville yesterday and you know the coffee shop menu by heart. (Part of the Load!) In Europe, it’s easier on one’s sanity because of the different languages, money, food, etc; Having said all that, I used to enjoy the touring.

Are you still fond of any particular Family songs/albums (especially your own)?

I don’t often play the albums, because, although there are bits I like, there are also chunks that, in retropect, I wished we had done differently. “Burlesque” is a cracking tune. When I was working with Roger’s Shortlist in the ’80s, I still used to enjoy playing it. I still play “Crinkly Grin” with
various bands and it doesn’t seem to show it’s age, either. (Believe it or not, this was the easiest tune I ever wrote! …. done in 10 minutes) “Burning Bridges· has a great mood to it and “Willow Tree” is a very weird ballad. Almost classical. There are a couple bits of playing that I’m pleased with, that came about by totally by mistake. When recording, we often. used to jam for a few minutes, to get the correct groove and then, when it felt right, Roger would cue us into the song. In the case of “Take Your Partners” and “Top of the Hill” we liked the jams, so we kept them in. With “Take Your Partners” , there was a Farfisa organ in the studio at the time, waiting to be collected. It had a weedy sound, but interestingly, had a foot pedal that dropped the keyboard an octave. I recorded 2 takes which we mixed together. With “Top of the Hill”, I like the E. Piano chords at the front, which I probably wouldn’t have done if I had thought that they were going to be used!

At the time did you compose any pieces that never made it onto albums, by veto or space consideration?

I think everyone has bits of ideas stashed away on scraps of paper, cassette tape or dark corners of the brain. If Roger or Charlie liked any
idea I had, then I would develop it further, maybe in collaboration with one or both of them and it would be recorded. As with all Family material,
if we weren’t satisfied with how a track panned out, then we re-recorded it with maybe a different arrangement. If we had too much material for
an album, tracks were invariably carried over to the next.

Describe what you can about the rarest of Family songs, “Here Comes the Grin”.

I think I covered this … I didn’t know what the tune had been called until very recently.

Of the three Family bass players during your time (Weider, Wetton,Cregan), with which one were you most comfortable, or who made for
the strongest lineup?

That’s a very difficult one. They’re all fine musicians and personality wise I was comfortable with all three. Each had his own musical strength
and, as with any strong musical identity, each changed Family’s musical personality. John Weider and Jim Cregan were guitarists doubling on bass and while they both did excellent jobs, John Wetton was primarily a bass player. He was also a good vocal addition to Roger and a good keyboard player. John Weider was a great fiddle player and acoustic guitarist. He loved to jam (and when he put his head down, it was very
hard to stop him!) Jim and I, of course, had worked in Blossom Toes together. He’s very good at harmony guitar work (a Ia Spirit) and backing
vocals. I would have liked to have recorded a Family album with Jim because he is a great record producer.

“Bandstand” was not the most adventurous of Family albums (compared to “Fearless” and “Song For Me”). Was that an indication that you were taking less part in the compositions?

Once again, it’s very subjective. I’ve seen some reviews that think “Bandstand” was the best Family album and “Fearless” the worst.. … Me, I’ve no opinion. There are tracks that I like and dislike on all albums. Technically, “Bandstand” is probably the best recorded/mixed album of the bunch. (Maybe it’s too clean!) I like “Burlesque” as mentioned before. I also like the 20 piece string arrangements on “Top of the Hill” and “Bolero Babe” Although John Wetton and I didn’t write much on this album, we overdubbed a lot of keys and I did a lot of synth stuff.

In terms of your last days with Family, a number of articles point to conflicts in the band over the time you spent programming synths during concerts. Was this blown out of proportion, or was the state of technology at the t ime in some ways your worst enemy?

Well, (as explained in an earlier question) it was certainly a problem tuning the synths on stage. There was no such thing as a visual tuner in those days, so they had to be tuned by ear. This was also a problem for the other guys, too. Charlie used a double neck (six and twelve string) and an accoustic. Jim was using a double neck (six string and bass) and an accoustic. I think you’re right. I was probably using the technology beyond it’s capabilities. For instance, as I mentioned earlier, I had some electronic vibes built, because none existed at the time. All the vibe notes were linked by wire in a loop. If the loop were to break, then the vibes would go off and then a roadie would have to crawl underneath with a torch and soldering iron to find which one of the 37 links had broken. Did all this lead to conflict? I don’t think so. We were running out of steam as a band. (and probably individually, too) The trees were starting to obscure the woods and as you know, the band folded about a year later.

By the way, many think that the switch from Poli Palmer to Tony Ashton was the worst change in Family in terms of losing character.

I can’t possibly have an opinion on this as I’ve known Tony for ever and he’s a great player.

Is there still an association with the name, and is that something you’d prefer to live down?

People still remember the band very positively. I was happy to have been part of Family and I’m quite proud of some of the stuff we did.

How did your participation in Family affect your career afterwards?

Well, I must admit, I compared lot of other singers unfavourably to Roger. He’s a hard act to follow. Also, I was used to playing tasty songs with interesting arrangements, so I found it hard to slot into another band. I did try to form a band with Rick Gretch and Mitch Mitchell shortly afterwards, but it didn’t happen. For a while, I became a bit of a studioholic. Didn’t do any gigging for several years. This was not a good idea, because I have always needed the one to enhance the other. In 1974, Mitch introduced me to two Australians who had been commissioned to write a Rock Opera for the Sidney Opera House. The lyricist was Don Henderson, a well-known folk singer over there and the libretto was written by Craig McGregor, an equally well-known author/journalist. It was called “Hero” and involved classical singers from the Opera House as well as rock singers. Unfortunately, with no public response, it only ran for 4 weeks.

Another claim to fame is your production credits on isotope’s second album “Illusion”. One reader asks “It sounds like _everything_ on that record is filtered through an ARP or something. Did Poll do that?” 

Not guiity …. The album was done pretty much live. The guitarist and keyboard player used a lot of pedals, like auto wah, ring modulators, etc;

Was that your one fling with producing? (apart from yourself)

I tried a few things over the years, but little ended on vinyl. One project I did like was an EP by Henry McCullough (Grease Band, Wings) called “All Shook Up” released in Germany in 1982. He’s a great guitarist/singer. Sort of Hank Williams meets Little Feat.

Even though you lett Family, you contributed to three Streetwalkers albums and the first four solo albums of Roger Chapman. Was this relationship with Whitney/Chapman in needed “mending”, or was it easy to jump right back into working with them?

Nothing to mend. If they needed something I could do, they gave me a ring. It was always a pleasure. And, as you know, during the 80s I did a lot of European tours as part of Roger’s band, The Shortlist. That was also very stimulating ……. excellent musicians.

What led up to your 1985 solo album, Human Error?

While I was working with Roger in Germany, Uli Rutzel, the boss of Erdenklang records approached me and, knowing that I was heavily involved with studio work and Fairlight computer instruments, asked me if I wanted to do an album for his label. After some thought, I decided to do an electronic project but with featured soloists. (Hence the title)

What interest do you have in “electronic music”? (most obviously Kraftwerk, Tangerine Dream, Can.) Do you feel that this music can be properly played in a live setting, or might it even be improved upon in concert? With that said, did you ever play live around the “Human Error” album?

As you know, I’ve always been heavily involved with electronics, but I do find a lot of the music a bit soulless. I don’t think this is the fault of the gear so much as the artist (remember the old computer dictum, Garbage In – Garbage Out) in the early days, I was impressed by the Japanese synthesist, Tomito. His sounds were emotively human. Also, Stevie Wonder’s early albums had great warm synth lines. Another influence was Steve Reich. (he uses accoustic instruments, but his pieces are slowly changing collages of sound.) Can electronic music be played live? I really think it depends on the music. if the music can’t breathe bit and have different nuances each performance, then we might as well listen to a recording of the piece. If there had been more interest in “Human Error”, I would have enjoyed doing some live concerts with the material.

You’ve also had some involvement in the past with “Chuck Farley”, a loose association of musicians led by guitarist Steve Simpson. Are you still involved with them? Have they ever recorded, or has it always been a casual affair?

The band was a relaxing alternative to touring and we would play small London music pubs quite regularly. The original lineup was: Steve and myself, Boz Burrell, Geoff Whitehorn and Alan Coulter. We did record an album called “Chuck Farley- Live” with a limited pressing of 2000 copies. It’s now rarer than a Monica Lewinski dress in a dry-cleaning shop. The band did regular gigs from the the late 70s until the mid 80s, but it then became very hard to get everyone’s diaries in sync. We stiil fire it up about once a year. (last time was about 3 months ago) The current line-up is: Steve/myself, Pat Crumly, Pete Stroude, and Sam Kelly. Occasionally Steve calls me up and we do a little duo gig together.
Please squash this rumor … I read on the internet somewhere that a “Poli Palmer self-titled album” was due back in 1996. Are there future plans for Human Error follow up?

No. There was a provision in the Erdenklang deal for a second album,but there is nothing in the pipeline.

Who are some of your current favorite artists?

I’m a bit of an old reactionary. I’m still listening to the same artists I listened to 20 years ago. Little Feat, Donald Fagen, YellowJackets, David Sanborn. etc;

Oops, one question I forgot. Does “Poli” come from Palmer? Does the name come from hanging around with a lot of other “Johns”?

Yes. I’ve had the nickname forever. When I moved from the Midlands to London, I tried to lose it. but it arrived ahead of me. Actually, because there were a lot of Johns in Family, it became a tradition that no-one could be called John. Hence Charlie, Willy Weider and Ken (his middle name) Wetton. (Then we had a clutch a roadies called Brian. so
that name became verboten .. .. . )



The Hellions (1964-1965)
with Jim Capaldi and Dave Mason

Deep Feeling (1966)
with Capaldi, Mason, Luther Grosvenor (later of Spooky Tooth), Gordon Jackson

Blossom Toes with Poli Palmer, 1968
Blossom Toes (1968)
Poli played drums/vibes between the first and second album, singing lead on a 1968 b-side, “Everybody’s Leaving Me Now”. Recently reissued on Think Like A Key Music. See also: Jim Cregan

Eclection (Oct. 1969)
a “cosmopolitan folk-rock group”; Poli joined for one month, then left for Family.


Iain Matthews – Southern Comfort (1969)
Iain’s post-Fairport Convention band

Gordon Jackson – Thinking Back (1969)
with Capaldi, Mason, Steve Winwood, Julie Driscoll, Ric Grech, Grosvenor, Jim King, Chris Wood

Linda Lewis – Lark (1972) and Fathoms Deep (1973)

Chapman/Whitney‘s Streetwalkers (1974)

Streetwalkers – Downtown Flyers (1975)

Illusion Isotope
Isotope – Illusion (1975; producer)

Peter Frampton – Frampton (1975) – on “The Crying Clown”

Wrote rock opera Hero in 1974-1975 with Australian folk-poet Don Henderson and Craig McGregor (of Foghat???)

Streetwalkers – Vicious But Fair (1977)
Brian Eno Peter Sinfeld From Ibiza
Brian Eno/Pete Sinfield – From Ibiza (1979) – narration engineered and final mixdown by Poli Palmer

Roger Chapman – Chappo (1979)

The Resistance – Kidnapped (1979; producer)

Roger Chapman – Mail Order Magic (1980)

Pete Townshend – All the Best Cowboys Have Chinese Eyes (1982) – tuned percussion

Roger Chapman – ManGo Crazy (1985)


Poli Palmer - Human Error Poli Palmer - Human Error CD
Human Error
(1988) – sole solo album released

Poli Palmer had always been a fan of processed sounds; he was running his vibraphone through a synthesizer back in 1971. Here we catch him surrounded by mid-’80s technology. Using a Fairlight CMI sampling synth, electronic vibes, and a bevy of hot players, Palmer creates a crisp, tight contemporary fusion in the vein of the Yellowjackets. But his crazy sampling and computer-generated music, mixed with occasional African tribal singing, delivers a fresh spin on the jazz fusion of the time. Roger Chapman guitarists Steve Simpson and Geoff Whitehorn appear here, with the latter contributing excessive shredding. ~ Patrick Little, All Music Guide

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